Decisions these matters will affect U.S.-China trade talks, which have focused heavily on issues related to alleged state-sponsored theft of intellectual property by China. Success in the Huawei court cases will also significantly affect the Trump administrations ability to convince allies they can comfortably follow the American position on Chinese-made equipment.
Canadas Department of Justice is now reviewing an application by its U.S. DOJ counterpart on whether or not to extradite Huawei CFO Meng Wanzhou, the daughter of founder Ren Zhengfei, on fraud charges.
Prosecutors for the Eastern District of New York say Meng and Huawei committed fraud by seeking to hide payments made for equipment sold to Iran, a violation of sanctions against that country, from U.S. banks.
Canadas Department of Justice has a March 1 deadline to decide whether to issue an "Authority to Proceed," a step which will provide the official go-ahead to begin hearing arguments for and against extradition.
If that is issued, an extradition hearing will be scheduled by the British Columbia Supreme Court, according to a spokesperson for the Canadian Ministry of Justice. Ms. Mengs next court appearance has been scheduled for March 6, the spokesperson said.
The case has proven highly fraught for Canada, leading to several diplomatic spats with China and the possibly retaliatory arrests of several Canadian citizens living and working in China. Because of this, Canada may have additional incentive to protect its own trade interests with China, making the U.S.s case for extradition even more tricky.
A hearing is now scheduled for Feb. 28 in Seattles Western District Court for Huawei to answer charges it stole proprietary technology from T-Mobile, specifically the specs for a smartphone testing robot called "Tappy."
Huawei has argued the case was already litigated and settled in 2017, when a jury awarded T-Mobile $4.8 million in the matter, a fraction of the more than $400 million in damages and lost profits T-Mobile had sought.
"A Seattle jury found neither damages nor willful and malicious conduct on the trade secret claim," a Huawei spokesperson said in a statement.
The case is significant because the federal government has made bold claims about Huaweis alleged espionage activities for the better part of a decade. The T-Mobile case alleges a conspiracy reaching from ground-level engineers to top-level executives, which would be in line with the intelligence communitys assertions about the company.
Huawei and another Chinese hardware maker, ZTE, have seen equipment banned for certain uses for years. But the President Trump is planning a new executive order for early March that would more extensively ban equipment made by these companies, an administration official confirmed to CNBC.
As has been the case in other countries like Australia, the new ban is expected to focus on equipment meant to enable 5G, the next generation of wireless internet, which promises to provide connections several times fast than the current standard, LTE.
This comes as Trumps administration has reportedly considered recommendations from his National Security Council to nationalize its 5G efforts to better compete with China.
"It is necessary and possible to build a secure, high-performance, world-leading 5G network platform by the end of the first term," according to a leaked Trump administration memo, which was originally reported by Axios.
The proposal received sharp push back since it would be a departure from norms in the heavily privatized telecommunications industry. he memos author has since departed the Council, according to The Washington Post.